Des photos rares !

1904 – A group of Navajo in the Canyon de Chelly, Arizona.

Image: Edward S. Curtis/Library of Congress

Born on a Wisconsin farm in 1868, Edward Sheriff Curtis grew up to become a commercial photographer in Seattle. In 1895 he photographed Princess Angeline, the daughter of the Duwamish chief Seattle, for whom the city was named.

That encounter sparked Curtis’ lifelong fascination with the cultures and lives of Native American tribes. He soon joined expeditions to visit tribes in Alaska and Montana.

In 1906, Curtis was approached by wealthy financier J.P. Morgan, who was interested in funding a documentary project on the indigenous people of the continent. They conceived a 20-volume series, called The North American Indian.

With Morgan’s backing, Curtis spent more than 20 years crisscrossing North America, creating over 40,000 images of more than 80 different tribes. He made thousands of wax cylinder recordings of native songs and language, and wrote down oral histories, legends and biographies.

In his efforts to capture and record what he saw as a vanishing way of life, Curtis sometimes meddled with the documentary authenticity of his images. He posed his subjects in romanticized settings stripped of signs of Western civilization, more representative of an imagined pre-Columbian existence than the subjects’ actual lives in the present.

“Noble savage” stereotypes aside, Curtis’ vast body of work is one of the most impressive historical records of Native American life at the beginning of the 20th century.

1905 – Sioux chiefs.

Image: Edward S. Curtis/Library of Congress

1908 – An Apsaroke mother and child.

Image: Edward S. Curtis/Library of Congress

1907 – Luzi, of the Papago tribe.

Image: Edward S. Curtis/Library of Congress

1914 – A Qagyuhl woman wears a fringed Chilkat blanket and a mask representing a deceased relative who had been a shaman.

Image: Edward S. Curtis/Library of Congress

 

1914 – Hakalahl, a Nakoaktok chief.

Image: Edward S. Curtis/Library of Congress

1910 – A Kwakiutl gatherer hunts abalones in Washington.

Image: Edward S. Curtis/Library of Congress

 

1910 – Piegan girls gather goldenrod.

Image: Edward S. Curtis/Library of Congress

 

1907 – A Qahatika girl.

Image: Edward S. Curtis/Library of Congress

 

1910 – A young member of the Apache tribe.

Image: Edward S. Curtis/Smithsonian Institution

 

1903 – Eskadi, of the Apache tribe.

Image: Edward S. Curtis/Library of Congress

 

1914 – Kwakiutl people in canoes in British Columbia.

Image: Edward S. Curtis/Library of Congress

 

1914 – Kwakiutl people in canoes in British Columbia.

Image: Edward S. Curtis/Library of Congress

 

1914 – A Kwakiutl wedding party arrives in canoes.

Image: Edward S. Curtis/Getty Images

 

1914 – A Kwakiutl shaman performs a religious ritual.

Image: Edward Curtis/Library of Congress

 

1914 – A Koskimo man dressed as Hami (« dangerous thing ») during a Numhlim ceremony.

Image: Edward S. Curtis/Library of Congress

 

1914 – A Qagyuhl dancer dressed as Paqusilahl (« man of the ground embodiment »).

Image: Edward S. Curtis/Library of Congress

 

1914 – A Qagyuhl man dressed as a bear.

Image: Edward S. Curtis/Library of Congress

 

1914 – Qagyuhl dancers.

Image: Edward S. Curtis/Smithsonian Institution

 

1914 – Nakoaktok dancers wear Hamatsa masks in a ritual.

Image: Edward S. Curtis/Smithsonian Institute

 

1910 – An Apache man.

Image: Edward S. Curtis/Smithsonian Institution

The passing of every old man or woman means the passing of some tradition, some knowledge of sacred rites possessed by no other…Consequently the information that is to be gathered, for the benefit of future generations, respecting the mode of life of one of the great races of mankind, must be collected at once or the opportunity will be lost for all time.

Edward S. Curtis

1907 – Hollow Horn Bear, a Brulé man.

Image: Edward S. Curtis/Library of Congress

 

1906 – A Tewa girl.

Image: Edward S. Curtis/Library of Congress

 

1910 – An Apache woman reaps grain.

Image: Edward S. Curtis/Smithsonian Institution

 

1924 – A Mariposa man on the Tule River Reservation.

Image: Edward S. Curtis/Library of Congress

 

1908 – A Hidatsa man with a captured eagle.

Image: Edward S. Curtis/Library of Congress

 

1910 – A Nootka man aims a bow and arrow.

Image: Edward S. Curtis/Library of Congress

 

1910 – Piegan tepees.

Image: Edward S. Curtis/Library of Congress

 

1905 – A Sioux hunter.

Image: Edward S. Curtis/Library of Congress

1914 – A Kwakiutl shaman.

Image: Edward S. Curtis/Library of Congress

 

1914 – A Kwakiutl man wearing a mask depicting a man transforming into a loon.

Image: Edward S. Curtis/Library of Congress

 

1908 – An Apsaroke man on horseback.

Image: Edward S. Curtis/Library of Congress

 

1923 – A Klamath chief stands on a hill above Crater Lake, Oregon.

Image: Edward S. Curtis/Library of Congress

 

1900 – Iron Breast, a Piegan man.

Image: Edward S. Curtis/Library of Congress

 

1908 – Black Eagle, an Assiniboin man.

Image: Edward S. Curtis/Library of Congress

 

1904 – Nayenezgani, a Navajo man.

Image: Edward S. Curtis/Library of Congress

 

1914 – A Kwakiutl person dressed as a forest spirit, Nuhlimkilaka, (« bringer of confusion »).

Image: Edward S. Curtis/Library of Congress

 

1923 – A Hupa woman.

Image: Edward S. Curtis/Library of Congress

 

1914 – Mowakiu, a Tsawatenok man.

Image: Edward S. Curtis/Library of Congress

 

1900 – Piegan chiefs.

Image: Edward S. Curtis/Library of Congress

 

1910 – Vash Gon, a Jicarrilla man.

Image: Edward S. Curtis/Smithsonian Institute

 

1905 – « The Hopi Maiden. »

Image: Edward S. Curtis/Library of Congress

 

1910 – A Jicarrilla girl.

Image: Edward S. Curtis/Smithsonian Institution

 

1903 – A Zuni woman.

Image: Edward S. Curtis/Library of Congress

 

1905 – Iahla, also known as « Willow, » of the Taos Pueblo.

Image: Edward S. Curtis/Library of Congress

 

1907 – A Papago woman.

Image: Edward S. Curtis/Library of Congress

 

1923 – A Hupa spear fisherman watches for salmon.

Image: Edward S. Curtis/Library of Congress

 

1907 – A Maricopa woman.

Image: Edward S. Curtis/Library of Congress

 

1905 – Okuwa-Tsire, also known as « Cloud Bird, » of the San Ildefonso Pueblo.

Image: Edward S. Curtis/Library of Congress

 

1907 – A Maricopa woman with arrow-brush stalks.

Image: Edward S. Curtis/Library of Congress

 

1908 – An Apsaroke shaman.

Image: Edward S. Curtis/Library of Congress

 

1924 – A Cahuilla woman.

Image: Edward S. Curtis/Library of Congress

 

1910 – A Kwakiutl chief’s daughter.

Image: Edward S. Curtis/Library of Congress

 

1910 – A Kutenai duck hunter.

Image: Edward S. Curtis/Library of Congress

 

1908 – Medicine Crow, of the Apsaroke tribe.

Image: Edward S. Curtis/Library of Congress

 

1910 – A Wishran girl.

Image: Edward S. Curtis/Library of Congress

 

1904 – Nesjaja Hatali, Navajo medicine man.

Image: Edward S. Curtis/Library of Congress

 

1910 – Members of the Qagyuhl tribe dance to restore an eclipsed moon.

Image: Edward S. Curtis/Smithsonian Institution

Source : http://mashable.com/2015/11/25/edward-curtis-native-americans/#sRO6nxLRSkqR

Catégorie : Etats-Unis

 

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